Quick Answer: What Does Charcot Marie Tooth Disease Look Like?

How does Charcot Marie Tooth disease affect the body?

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is also called hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease results in smaller, weaker muscles.

You may also experience loss of sensation and muscle contractions, and difficulty walking.

Foot deformities such as hammertoes and high arches also are common..

At what age does CMT present?

The age of onset of CMT can vary anywhere from young childhood to the 50s or 60s. Symptoms typically begin by the age of 20. For reasons unknown as of 2004, the severity in symptoms can also vary greatly, even among members of the same family .

What does a Charcot foot look like?

When the midfoot is involved in Charcot foot, the arch collapses, which rounds the bottom of the foot. This is called a rocker-bottom foot deformity. Depending on the location of the bone break, the toes can start to curve under like claws or the ankle can become deformed and unstable.

How is Charcot Marie Tooth passed on?

CMTX is inherited in an X-linked dominant pattern . A condition is considered X-linked if the mutated gene that causes the disorder is located on the X chromosome. The inheritance is dominant if one copy of the altered gene is sufficient to cause the condition.

Can CMT affect your eyes?

CMT Type 6 involves development of optic atrophy with loss of vision or blindness, muscle atrophy and weakness, loss of sensation, and balance and gait difficulties. Depending on the genetic cause of the CMT Type 6, there may be other symptoms including delayed learning.

Is CMT painful?

Paradoxically, despite sensory loss, some people with CMT experience pain — a combination of painful muscle cramps and neuropathic pain. This pain is not caused by an external trigger but by defective signals in sensory axons. Both types of pain usually can be alleviated with medication.

Can CMT be passed from father to daughter?

This change is called a mutation. Some genetic mutations are hereditary, meaning they can be passed down from a parent to their child. CMT is caused by hereditary genetic mutations. But just because someone has CMT doesn’t mean they got it from one of their parents.

Is CMT considered a disability?

Medically Qualifying Under A Disability Listing: CMT is a form of peripheral neuropathy, meaning it affects the nerves and muscles in the arms, legs, hands, and feet. The Social Security Administration (SSA) has a standard disability listing for this type of neurological disorder.

Is CMT more common in males or females?

The condition affects an equal number of males and females. CMT hereditary neuropathy is the most common inherited neurological disorder affecting more than 250,000 Americans. Since this condition is frequently undiagnosed, misdiagnosed or diagnosed very late in life, the true number of affected persons may be higher.

Is Charcot Marie Tooth painful?

Because CMT causes damage to sensory nerve fibers (axons), people with CMT can feel tingling and burning sensations in the hands and feet, usually causing only mild discomfort but sometimes causing pain. The sense of touch is diminished, as is the ability to sense changes in temperature.

How do you fix a Charcot foot?

Non-surgical treatment for Charcot foot consists of: Immobilization. Because the foot and ankle are so fragile during the early stage of Charcot, they must be protected so the weakened bones can repair themselves. Complete non-weightbearing is necessary to keep the foot from further collapsing.

What are the stages of Charcot foot?

Charcot foot occurs in three stages:Stage One: Fragmentation and destruction. This acute, initial stage is marked by symptoms such as redness and significant swelling of the foot and ankle. … Stage Two: Coalescence. … Stage Three: Reconstruction.

What is Charcot Marie Tooth type 2?

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 (CMT2) is a type of CMT with genetic defects that disrupt the structure and function of the axons of the peripheral nerves. So, CMT2 often is referred to as “axonal CMT.” CMT2 is less common than CMT1 and accounts for about one-third of all dominant CMT cases.

Can CMT skip a generation?

CMT does not skip generations genetically. For people with autosomal dominant and X-linked conditions, a person will either have the condition or not. If a parent has CMT that has been genetically confirmed, a child can be tested when that child is at least 18 years of age and with appropriate genetic counseling.

Is Charcot Marie Tooth a form of MS?

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type X (CMTX) may increase the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), the most common central nervous system inflammatory demyelinating disease, according to data from a Greek study.

Does Charcot Marie Tooth get worse?

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) affects the peripheral nerves. These are the nerves outside the main central nervous system (CNS). They control the muscles and relay data from the arms and legs to the brain, allowing a person to sense touch. It is a progressive condition, which means that symptoms get worse over time.

Does CMT make tired?

Fatigue is a common symptom in CMT. A study, published in the Journal of Neurology in 2010 and based on questionnaire given patients and an age- and sex-matched control group, reported that fatigue levels were significantly higher in people with CMT. Fatigue in CMT can be due to a number of reasons.

What is the best treatment for Charcot foot?

The early stages of Charcot are usually treated with a cast or cast boot to protect the foot and ankle. The use of a cast is very effective in reducing the swelling and protecting the bones. Casting requires that the patient not put weight on the foot until the bones begin to heal.