Question: What Is The Difference Between Mitochondria And Chloroplasts Quizlet?

What do mitochondria and thylakoid membranes have in common?

Answer and Explanation: The mitochondrial membrane and thylakoids membranes have a couple things in common: Both membranes contain ATP Synthase Proteins.

ATP synthase is an….

What are the similarities between mitochondria and bacteria?

Most important are the many striking similarities between prokaryotes (like bacteria) and mitochondria: Membranes — Mitochondria have their own cell membranes, just like a prokaryotic cell does. DNA — Each mitochondrion has its own circular DNA genome, like a bacteria’s genome, but much smaller.

What are the two similarities between mitochondria and plastids?

Both mitochondria and plasmids are double membrane bound organelles. Both mitochondria and plastid in their outer membrane have porin protein which makes outer layer more permeable. Both mitochondria and plasmids have some of their own DNA for protein synthesis hence they are called as semi autonomous cell organelles.

What do mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common with prokaryotes?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts are the same size as prokaryotic cells and divide by binary fission. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA which is circular, not linear. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own ribosomes which have 30S and 50S subunits, not 40S and 60S.

What organelles does the mitochondria work with?

1. Interactions between mitochondria and other organelles. (1) Contact sites between mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). (2) Mitochondria release mitochondria-derived vesicles (MDVs) to lysosomes and peroxisomes.

What do chloroplasts and mitochondria have in common quizlet?

describe two common characteristics of chloroplasts and mitochondria. … Both organelles are involved in energy transformation, mitochondria in cellular respiration and chloroplasts in photosynthesis. They both have multiple membranes that separate their interiors into compartments.

What characteristics do chloroplasts and mitochondria share?

Even though both organelles are found in eukaryotic cells, both mitochondria and chloroplast have characteristics often found in prokaryotic cells. These prokaryotic cell characteristics include: an enclosed double membrane, circular DNA, and bacteria-like ribosomes.

Can chloroplasts and mitochondria reproduce themselves?

Replication. Mitochondria and chloroplasts make more of themselves in much the same way as bacteria reproduce. … The only way these organelles can be replicated is through the same method used by bacteria: binary fission.

Why does the mitochondria have two membranes?

As previously mentioned, mitochondria contain two major membranes. The outer mitochondrial membrane fully surrounds the inner membrane, with a small intermembrane space in between. The outer membrane has many protein-based pores that are big enough to allow the passage of ions and molecules as large as a small protein.

Why did mitochondria come before chloroplasts?

Mitochondria and chloroplasts likely evolved from engulfed prokaryotes that once lived as independent organisms. At some point, a eukaryotic cell engulfed an aerobic prokaryote, which then formed an endosymbiotic relationship with the host eukaryote, gradually developing into a mitochondrion.

What are mitochondria and chloroplasts examples of?

Mitochondria — the “power plants” of both animal and plant cells — and chloroplasts — photosynthesis centers found only in plants — are both examples of specialized eukaryotic cell compartments. These cell compartments are referred to as organelles.

What are three similarities between chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Mitochondria and chloroplast both have their own genome (DNA)i.e genetic material. 4. Mitochondria and chloroplast both have their own ribosomes to synthesise some of their own proteins.

What are the similarities and differences between chloroplast and mitochondria?

Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles found in a plant cell. However, chloroplast is absent in an animal but mitochondria is found in both. Mitochondria generates energy for the cell in the form of ATP using oxygen and nutrients. Chloroplast is the site for photosynthesis in a plant cell.

What is the difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Mitochondria are the “powerhouses” of the cell, breaking down fuel molecules and capturing energy in cellular respiration. Chloroplasts are found in plants and algae. They’re responsible for capturing light energy to make sugars in photosynthesis.

Why do plant cells need both chloroplasts and mitochondria?

Cells need both chloroplasts and mitochondria to undergo both photosynthesis AND cell respiration. After photosynthesis, which chloroplasts are needed for, which yields oxygen and glucose, plants need to break down the glucose and they use cell respiration to do this, which happens in the mitochondria.