- Can I refuse newborn screening?
- Can you grow out of PKU?
- Does PKU go away?
- What happens if a baby has PKU?
- Which antibiotic is safe for lactating mother?
- What drugs pass through breastmilk?
- How is PKU treated in infants?
- What does PKU smell like?
- Who is most likely to get PKU?
- Can a woman with PKU have a normal child?
- Can PKU be missed at Birth?
- Is breastfeeding contraindicated in phenylketonuria?
- Which drugs are contraindicated during breastfeeding?
- How do you know if your baby has PKU?
- At what age does PKU become evident?
- Is phenylalanine safe while breastfeeding?
- What can Babies with PKU eat?
- How long will drugs stay in breastmilk?
Can I refuse newborn screening?
If you refuse newborn screening, you must indicate your refusal in writing.
Staff from the birth facility will send a copy of the refusal form to the Newborn Screening program.
An original form will be kept in your child’s medical chart with a copy given to you by hospital staff or your birth provider..
Can you grow out of PKU?
A person with PKU does not outgrow it and must stay on the diet for life.
Does PKU go away?
There is no cure for PKU, but treatment can prevent intellectual disabilities and other health problems. A person with PKU should receive treatment at a medical center that specializes in the disorder.
What happens if a baby has PKU?
A baby born to a woman who has PKU that is not controlled with a special diet is at high risk for serious problems. The developing baby in the uterus can be exposed to very high levels of phenylalanine. This can cause low birth weight, slow growth, small head, behavior problems, and heart disorders.
Which antibiotic is safe for lactating mother?
The use of most antibiotics is considered compatible with breast feeding. Penicillins, aminopenicillins, clavulanic acid, cephalosporins, macrolides and metronidazole at dosages at the low end of the recommended dosage range are considered appropriate for use for lactating women.
What drugs pass through breastmilk?
You also can pass street drugs, like heroin and cocaine, to your baby through breast milk. Tell your health care provider if you need help to quit using street drugs. If you’re breastfeeding, don’t use marijuana. It’s not safe for your baby.
How is PKU treated in infants?
The main way to treat PKU is to eat a special diet that limits foods containing phenylalanine. Infants with PKU may be fed breast milk. They usually also need to consume a special formula known as Lofenalac. When your baby is old enough to eat solid foods, you need to avoid letting them eat foods high in protein.
What does PKU smell like?
If PKU is untreated, or if foods containing phenylalanine are eaten, the breath, skin, ear wax, and urine may have a “mousy” or “musty” odor. This odor is due to a buildup of phenylalanine substances in the body.
Who is most likely to get PKU?
In the United States, PKU is most common in people of European or Native American ancestry. It is much less common among people of African, Hispanic, or Asian ancestry.
Can a woman with PKU have a normal child?
Pregnancy and Phenylketonuria (PKU) Girls or women with PKU can have healthy children as long as they are aware of and maintain strict adherence to their low phenylalanine diet throughout their pregnancy.
Can PKU be missed at Birth?
Occasionally, cases of PKU are missed by newborn screening. Thus, a repeat PKU test should be performed in an infant who exhibits slow development. Phenylketonuria (PKU) is caused by an autosomal recessive defect in the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, which is required for converting phenylalanine to tyrosine.
Is breastfeeding contraindicated in phenylketonuria?
Phenylketonuria is often mentioned as another contraindication to breast-feeding. Breast milk, however, has relatively low levels of phenylalanine; in fact, infants who are exclusively breast-fed may receive a phenylalanine intake near the amount recommended for treating phenylketonuria.
Which drugs are contraindicated during breastfeeding?
ANSWER: Only a few drugs pose a clinically significant risk to breastfed babies. In general, antineoplastics, drugs of abuse, some anticonvulsants, ergot alkaloids, and radiopharmaceuticals should not be taken, and levels of amiodarone, cyclosporine, and lithium should be monitored.
How do you know if your baby has PKU?
PKU signs and symptoms can be mild or severe and may include: A musty odor in the breath, skin or urine, caused by too much phenylalanine in the body. Neurological problems that may include seizures. Skin rashes (eczema)
At what age does PKU become evident?
Babies with PKU usually seem healthy at birth. Signs of PKU begin to appear around six months of age.
Is phenylalanine safe while breastfeeding?
Also, it is unknown whether this supplement is safe in women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Interactions. Phenylalanine can cause tardive dyskinesia in people taking antipsychotic medicines.
What can Babies with PKU eat?
A child with PKU should not eat milk, fish, cheese, nuts, beans, or meat. A child with PKU can eat many foods low in protein, such as vegetables, fruits, and some cereals. Your child may also need to take mineral and vitamin supplements to make up for nutrients missing from the diet.
How long will drugs stay in breastmilk?
Drugs. If you use amphetamines, ecstasy, cocaine or heroin, you should not breastfeed for 24 hours after use. If you smoke cannabis or tobacco you should breastfeed your baby before you smoke, and smoke outside and away from the baby. Do not have your baby in the same room as the smoke.