Does Rett Syndrome Affect Intelligence?

How does Rett syndrome affect learning?

One of the main areas affecting functioning in individuals with Rett syndrome is a severe impairment of receptive and expressive communication.

This creates difficulties when attempting to reveal their potential learning abilities..

How does Rett syndrome affect a person’s life?

Rett syndrome is a severe condition of the nervous system. It is almost only seen in females, and affects all body movement. Rett syndrome may cause speech problems (such as inability to learn to speak, or loss of speech), difficulty walking or loss of the ability to walk, and loss of purposeful hand use.

Is Rett syndrome progressive?

Rett syndrome is a progressive neurodevelopmental disorder that almost exclusively affects females. Only in rare cases are males affected. Infants with Rett syndrome generally develop normally for about 7 to 18 months after birth.

How is Rett Syndrome Detected?

Rett syndrome is confirmed with a blood test to identify the MECP2 mutation. However, since the MECP2 mutation is also seen in other disorders, a Rett syndrome (RTT) diagnosis requires either the presence of the MECP2 mutation or fulfillment of the diagnostic criteria or both.

Is Rett syndrome an intellectual disability?

Rett syndrome was first described in Vienna in 1966 [33]. The disorder is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability (ID), poor muscle tone, reduced brain growth, scoliosis, and cardiorespiratory dysregulation and caused by mutation in the MECP2 coding region [17], [32].

At what age is Rett syndrome usually diagnosed?

Rett syndrome is usually diagnosed based on your child’s symptoms, and by ruling out other more common disorders. A diagnosis of Rett syndrome may not be made for a number of years because the syndrome is so rare and symptoms do not tend to appear until a child is between 6 and 18 months old.

How is Rett syndrome passed from parent to offspring?

In nearly all cases, the genetic change that causes Rett syndrome is spontaneous, meaning it happens randomly. Such random mutations are usually not inherited or passed from one generation to the next. However, in a very small percentage of families, Rett mutations are inherited and passed on by female carriers.

Is Rett syndrome degenerative?

Rett syndrome is not a degenerative disorder, but rather is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Barring illness or complications, survival into adulthood is expected.

How does Rett syndrome affect the brain?

Brain growth slows after birth. Smaller than normal head size (microcephaly) is usually the first sign that a child has Rett syndrome. As children get older, delayed growth in other parts of the body becomes evident. Loss of normal movement and coordination.

How old is the oldest person with Rett syndrome?

Coenraads said girls with Rett syndrome typically live to adulthood and middle age, and the oldest person she knew of who had Rett died at 77.

Is Rett syndrome a form of autism?

It is categorized as an autism spectrum disorder, but, unlike most forms of autism, Rett syndrome has a clear-cut cause—a mutation in a protein known as MeCP2.

How can I help someone with Rett syndrome?

Treatments that can help children and adults with Rett syndrome include:Regular medical care. Management of symptoms and health problems may require a multispecialty team. … Medications. … Physical therapy. … Occupational therapy. … Speech-language therapy. … Nutritional support. … Behavioral intervention. … Support services.

What is the life expectancy of a girl with Rett syndrome?

Life expectancies are not well studied, although survival at least until the mid-20s is likely. The average life expectancy for girls may be mid-40s. Death is often related to seizure, aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, and accidents.

What is a Rett episode?

Rett syndrome is a rare genetic neurological disorder that occurs almost exclusively in girls and leads to severe impairments, affecting nearly every aspect of the child’s life: their ability to speak, walk, eat, and even breathe easily. The hallmark of Rett syndrome is near constant repetitive hand movements.

Does Rett syndrome run in families?

Rett syndrome rarely runs in families, as affected individuals do not reproduce. About 95 percent of cases are caused by new mutations in the gene encoding MECP2 protein.